Black bears are excellent at eating whatever they can find in their environment, also known as opportunistic eaters. This means they eat different foods depending on what season it is. In the spring, they eat newly grown grasses and leaves. As summer progresses, they move to eating plentiful nuts and berries, as well as any recently killed animals they might find.
Black bears have two distinct phases they go through each year, hyperphagia and hibernation. Hyperphagia is the time when bears feel the need to eat almost constantly to pack on weight for the coming winter. This usually occurs in the late summer and early fall. HIbernation is the time when bears den up in the winter to sleep due to lack of available food. This is also when females give birth. While bears usually do not eat at all during hibernation, they will sometimes emerge from their dens on unusually warm days.
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